Gum Disease, Oral Infections in Dogs, Prevention of Oral diseases
Gum disease is usually silent. When it starts there are no outward signs and symptoms. Yet once it advances, gum disease can devastate your dog's mouth, causing chronic pain, eroded gums, missing teeth, and bone loss -- a fate hardly fair to man's best friend. gum disease in a dog can be prevented or at least slowed.
Why Do Dogs Get Gum Disease?
Blame bacteria for gum disease in people and in pets. Almost immediately after an animal eats, bacteria, along with food, saliva, and other particles, begin forming a sticky film called plaque over teeth.
Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, happens five times more often in dogs than in people. The reason? Dogs have a more alkaline mouth than humans, which promotes plaque formation. Also, most pets don't have their teeth brushed every day, giving plaque-forming bacteria the chance they need to multiply.
What Are the Symptoms of Gum Disease in Dogs?
Unfortunately, the first symptoms of gum disease in dogs are no symptoms at all at first.It’s rare that pet owners ever notice signs of gum disease in their dog, and if they do, the gum disease is very advanced. By then, your dog may be living with chronic pain, which animals instinctively hide to avoid showing weakness.
What Are the Symptoms of Gum Disease in Dogs? continued...
Some symptoms of severe gum disease include:
Complications of Gum Disease
Periodontal disease can cause more problems than tooth pain. For example, dogs with unchecked gum inflammation may be at higher risk for heart, kidney, and liver disease.May lead to tooth loss, bone loss and fracture of jaw bones.
Preventing Gum Disease in Dogs
Our veterinarian at Avon Animal hospital recommend you to follow these four steps to prevent or slow painful gum disease in your dog:
To prevent fractures and broken teeth, avoid hard treats of any kind, such as animal bones (raw or cooked), nylon bones, or cow and pig hooves.
It's only recently that most of us have even heard of dentistry for dogs, so chances are good your dog may already have some gum disease. Studies show that more than 80% percent of dogs have some stage of periodontal disease by the age of 3.
Once the problem is under way, treatment depends on its stage, though initially all treatment requires an exam and X-rays to determine the presence (or absence) of disease.